In the villages, the people live in an open atmosphere.
Sample essay on Rural Development in India K. In India, since the Independence, there has been a concerted effort to reconstruct the rural India and the rural sector of the economy. Prior to this Tagore and Gandhi suggested the development of the villages in their natural surroundings where nature could best attract to the people with its beauty.
Gandhiji wanted total transformation of villages by developing them from within into viable units.
Nehru tried to give practical shape to these ideas through urbanization, industrialization and modern technical knowledge without breaking up the old foundation of the country. A review of rural development programmes and their strategies in India reveals that its concept has substantially changed with the passage of time.
However, this concept changed with the Community Development Programme launched inwhich aimed at transforming the traditional way of life for rural communities and assisting people to improve their way of life to meet the constitutional commitment of equity and justice.
The Fourth and Fifth Plans initiated a number of programmes with a view to achieve economic equity and social justice. The Five Year Plans also included following features aimed at rural development. On April 1, Integrated Rural Development Programme was introduced not only to in grate all ongoing programmes pertaining to areas but to launch a rigorous drive for eradicate rural poverty and providing economic benefits landless labourers, marginal farmers and villa artisans.
The major thrust of the Fifth Five Year PI' was on strengthening the socio-concur infrastructure of development in the rural are alleviating rural poverty and reducing regional parities.
The Ninth Five Year Plan has focused four important dimensions of State Policy-quality of life, generation of productive employment, re gional balances and self-reliance. With the multi- pronged approach adopted by the Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment through a wide range of programmes it is hoped that adequate productive employment will be generated to eradicate rural poverty which would lead to significantly better living conditions, Rural development, thus, implies both the economic betterment of people as well as greater social transformation.
Here the emerging focus is the human development which strikes a harmonious balance between the individual, the community and the country and which carried the planning to the grass-root level into the hands of rural people, the beneficiaries, who can meaningfully contribute to its formulation and implementation.
It is well reflected in the World Bank Policy Paper which states: It involves extending the benefits of development to the poorest among those who seek a livelihood in the rural areas.
The group includes small scale farmers, tenants and the landless" World Bank.For instance, living in a rural area allows residents to enjoy the natural world more easily instead of having to go to parks.
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Open access to public goods and services is a main thing of an open and efficient society. Rural Development refers to process of improving or uplifting the living conditions of the people living in rural areas.
The importance of the Rural Development: The people of India live mostly in . Dec 22, · If you need to write a term paper, choose your topic, then start researching that topic. Use your research to craft a thesis statement which states the main idea of your paper, then organize all of your facts into an outline that supports your thesis%(33).
It is evident that rural poor are at a disadvantage educationally, socially, and economically compared to the urban poor.
Rural youths' chances of employment (whether in agriculture or in other areas), are weaker than their urban counterparts. The paper would set out to provide hard facts exploring this contrast, and the reasons and trends behind it.
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