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James Parkinson James Parkinson April 11, to December 21, was an English physician, geologist, paleontologist, and political activist. He is most famous for his work, Essay on the Shaking Palsy, a description of the disease which later became known as Parkinson's Disease.
James Parkinson was born in Shoreditch, London, England.
In James Parkinson was approved by the Corporation of London as a surgeon. On May 21,he married Mary Dale, with whom he had six children. Soon after, James succeeded his father in his practice in Hoxton Square. He believed that any wothwhile physician should know shorthand, at which he was adept.
In addition to his flourishing medical practice, Parkinson possessed an avid interest in geology and paleontology, as well as the politics of the day. Parkinson was a strong advocate for the under-privileged, and an outspoken critic of the Pitt-government.
His early career was marred by his being involved in a variety of social and revolutionary causes, and some historians think it most likely that he was a strong proponent for the French Revolution.
He published almost a dozen political pamphlets in the post-French Revolution period, when Britain was in political chaos. Writing under his own name and pseudonym "Old Hubert", he called for radical social reforms.
Parkinson called for representation of the people in the House of Commons, the institution of annual parliaments, and universal suffrage.
He was a member of several secret political societies, including the London Corresponding Society for Reform of Parliamentary Representation. In his membership in the organization led to his being examined under oath before the Privy Council to give evidence about a plot to assassinate King George III.
He refused to testify regarding his part in "The Pop-Gun Plot", until he was certain he would not be forced to incriminate himself. The plan was to use a poisoned dart fired from a "pop gun" to bring the king's reign to a premature conclusion. Fortunately for Parkinson, the whole affair was soon forgotten, and no charges were ever brought against him.
Parkinson turned away from his tumultuous political career, and between and published a number of medical works, including a work on gout in He was also responsible for the earliest writings on the subject of peritonitis in English medical literature. Parkinson was also interested in improving the general health and well-being of the population.
He wrote several medical doctrines which exposed a similar zeal for the health and welfare of the people that was expressed by his political activism.
He was a crusader for legal protection for the mentally ill, as well as their doctors and families. In Parkinson assisted his son with the first described case of appendicitis in English, and the first instance in which perforation was shown to be the cause of death.
Parkinson's interest gradually turned from medicine to nature, specifically the relatively new field of geology, and paleontology, and he began collecting specimens and drawings of fossils in the latter part of the eighteenth century.
He would take his children and friends on excursions to collect or observe fossil plants and animals. His attempts to learn more about fossil identification and interpretation were frustrated by a lack of available literature, and so he took the decision to improve matters by writing his own introduction to the study of fossils.
In the first volume of his Organic Remains of the Former World was published. Gideon Mantell praised it as "the first attempt to give a familiar and scientific account [of fossils]". A second volume appeared inand a third in Parkinson illustrated each volume, sometimes in color, and the plates were later re-used by Gideon Mantell.
In he published the shorter "Elements of Oryctology: Parkinson belonged to a school of thought, Catastrophism, that concerned itself with the belief that the Earth's geology and biosphere were shaped by recent large-scale cataclysms.
He would cite the Noachian deluge of Genesis as an example, and he firmly believed that creation and extinction were processses guided by the hand of God.James Parkinson An Essay on the Shaking Palsy.
Contents page, with the first page and its definition of the disease. In , at the age of 62, Parkinson published his medical essay, eloquently describing the condition he called the “Shaking Palsy” or “paralysis agitans,” which is now known by his name as “Parkinson's disease.
On the contrary, there appears to be sufficient reason for hoping that some remedial process may ere long be discovered, by which, at least, the progress of the disease may be stopped. It seldom happens that the agitation extends beyond the arms within the first two years; which period, therefore, if we were disposed to divide the disease into stages, might be said to comprise the first stage.
James Parkinson – An Essay on the Shaking Palsy A Celebration of Years of Progress is being held to celebrate years of progress in understanding the signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, the cause of the illness, and its treatment and progress toward a cure.
The history of Parkinson's disease expands from , when British apothecary James Parkinson published An Essay on the Shaking Palsy, to modern times. Before Parkinson's descriptions, others had already described features . James Parkinson’s Essay on the Shaking Palsy SHAKING PALSY.
(Paralysis agitans) Involuntary tremulous motion, with lessened muscular power, in parts not in action and even when supported; with a propensity to bend the trunk forward and to pass from a walking to a running pace: the senses and intellects being uninjured.
James Parkinson is most famous for publishing 'An Essay on the Shaking Palsy' in , which established Parkinson's as a recognised medical condition.
James Parkinson is most famous for publishing 'An Essay on the Shaking Palsy' in , which established Parkinson's as a recognised medical condition.. He was a pioneer not only in medicine but also in his scientific and political interests. James Parkinson – An Essay on the Shaking Palsy A Celebration of Years of Progress is being held to celebrate years of progress in understanding the signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, the cause of the illness, and its treatment and progress toward a cure. The 'James Parkinson – An Essay on the Shaking Palsy A celebration of years of progress' is designated for a maximum of 11 hours of European external CME credits. Each medical specialist should claim only those hours of credit that he/she actually spent in the educational activity.
He was a pioneer not only in medicine but also in his scientific and political interests.