Types[ edit ] The most commonly discussed forms of bias occur when the allegedly partisan media support or attack a particular political party,  candidate,  or ideology. Gatekeeping bias also known as selectivity  or selection bias when stories are selected or deselected, sometimes on ideological grounds see spike. It is sometimes also referred to as agenda bias, when the focus is on political actors and whether they are covered based on their preferred policy issues.
Legal Resources for Digital Media Search form Search Using the Name or Likeness of Another In most states, you can be sued for using someone else's name, likeness, or other personal attributes without permission for an exploitative purpose.
Usually, people run into trouble in this area when they use someone's name or photograph in a commercial setting, such as in advertising or other promotional activities.
But, some states also prohibit use of another person's identity for the user's own personal benefit, whether or not the purpose is strictly commercial.
There are two distinct legal claims that potentially apply to these kinds of unauthorized uses: The "right of publicity" is the right of a person to control and make money from the commercial use of his or her identity.
Because of the similarities between misappropriation and right of publicity claims, courts and legal commentators often confuse them. We will not try to exhaustively explain the differences between these two legal claims here.
It is mostly important for you to understand the legal principles that are common to both claims; we will point out relevant differences below and on the state pages when appropriate. You might be familiar with the now-famous case of Alison Chang, which is a good example of a potentially unlawful use of someone's name or likeness.
Virgin Mobile Australia obtained a photograph of Chang from Flickr, where is was posted with a CC "Attribution" licensewhich gave Virgin Mobile permission from a copyright perspective to use the photograph in a commercial setting so long as it gave attribution to the photographer who took the photo.
For information on copyright licensing, see Copyright Licenses and Transfers.
Virgin Mobile used the photograph in an advertising campaign to promote its free text messaging and other mobile services without getting permission from Chang or her parents to use her name or likeness. Chang's parents sued Virgin Mobile for misappropriation of her likeness, and the facts would also have supported a claim for violation of her right of publicity.
They brought other claims against Creative Commons, which they dismissed shortly after filing the lawsuit. The case, which was subsequently dismissed for lack of personal jurisdiction over Virgin Mobile, is interesting because it highlights the fact that somebody seeking to use a photograph needs to worry not just about copyright law, but also misappropriation and rights of publicity.
The Chang case involved a clearly commercial use of her likeness. As a general matter, you should never use someone's name or photograph in advertising or promotion of your website or blog without permission.
The same goes for creating merchandise that you plan to sell to the public which incorporates someone's name or photograph. With the limited exception for "incidental advertising use" discussed below, you need to get consent for commercial uses like these.
But what about a casual reference to your neighbor in a blog post? Or what if you write an article about a local politician that features his photograph? Or what if you publish a photograph that you took of a famous actress walking down the red carpet at the Oscars? Fortunately, the law does not give individuals the right to stop all mention, discussion, or reporting on their lives or activities.
The common law of most states creates an exception to liability for news reporting and commentary on matters of public interest, and many state statutes explicitly exempt news reporting and other expressive activities from liability.
Despite these substantial protections, it is a good practice to obtain consent of the person depicted when you publish photographs or other personal information about someone on your blog, especially if your use might be construed as commercial or promotional.
Who Can Sue for Unlawful Use of Name or Likeness Only human beings, and not corporations or other organizations, have rights of publicity and privacy interests that can be invaded by misappropriation of name or likeness.
Thus, only individuals can sue for unlawful use of name or likeness, unless a human being has transferred his or her rights to an organization. Note that companies may sue you for trademark infringement and unfair competition if you exploit their brand names for commercial purposes.
See the Trademark section for details. In some states, celebrities cannot sue for misappropriation of name and likeness on the theory that they have no privacy interest to protectand non-celebrities may not sue for violation of the right of publicity on the theory that their personalities have no commercial value.
The growing trend, however, is to permit both celebrities and non-celebrities to sue for both misappropriation and violation of the right of publicity, as long as they can establish the relevant kind of harm.
You cannot invade the privacy of a dead person, so you generally cannot be sued for misappropriation of the name or likeness of a dead person, unless the misappropriation took place before the person in question died.
However, in many states the right of publicity survives after death, so you could be sued for violating the publicity rights of a dead person.
This is most likely to come up with dead celebrities. Elements of a Claim for Unlawful Use of Name or Likeness A plaintiff must establish three elements to hold someone liable for unlawful use of name or likeness: Use of a Protected Attribute: The plaintiff must show that the defendant used an aspect of his or her identity that is protected by the law.
This ordinarily means a plaintiff's name or likeness, but the law protects certain other personal attributes as well. For an Exploitative Purpose: The plaintiff must show that the defendant used his name, likeness, or other personal attributes for commercial or other exploitative purposes.Get the latest music news, watch video clips from music shows, events, and exclusive performances from your favorite artists.
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Early life. Kenneth Anderson was born on March 6, in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin, the son of James Alan Holmes and Sheryl Anderson. He has one sister, Jennifer Holmes. His father died on April 13, from cancer. Anderson graduated from Washington High School in Two Rivers, pfmlures.com his time there, he excelled at swimming and .
Sep 17, · The private lives of famous people should be off limits because it is just all lies. Paparazzi just take photos and try to make up a story that goes along with that picture. It is just ruining the lives of the famous people. Raising Generation Tech: Preparing Your Children for a Media-Fueled World on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.