Hills like white elephants research paper

Hills Like White Elephants: They are discussing beer, travel, and whether or not to have an abortion.

Hills like white elephants research paper

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Most of the story is simply dialogue between the two characters, the American and Jig. This couple is at a critical point in their lives when they must decide whether or not to have an abortion. Certain themes arise from this story such as choices and consequences, doubt and ambiguity, and how men and women relate.

Clearly, this short story crosses timelines to become relevant to both the early twentieth century and modern times. The most obvious theme recognized early in this short story is that of choices and consequences.

The couple is unmarried and the girl has become pregnant, but the man wants her to have an abortion. The American obviously believes that the abortion will free the couple from any responsibilities, which is what they have been experiencing before this turn of events Short Stories for Students The man also feels that the pregnancy is the only thing that has caused them to have arguments and become unhappy with each other in the relationship Hamid Clearly, the girl is reluctant in her decision to have the abortion.

She feels that either choice she makes will not have much of an effect on their long-term relationship and hopes of finding true love and happiness Short Stories for Students Although the man tries to convince Jig that he knows the operation is safe, he may not know much about the operation Short Stories for Students The reader is also left with great doubt, as there is no resolution or decision given by Hemingway at the end of the story.

Essay, term paper, research paper: Ernest Hemingway

The final theme derived from this story is how men and women relate to each other. The man is shown as being selfish and irresponsible by starting this relationship and then lacking the support Jig needs Hamid The American sees life as being very straightforward and rational, while Jig is considered to be romantic and living in an emotional world Beacham 8.

Clearly, these themes are still applicable in modern societies concerning this issue of abortion.

Hills like white elephants research paper

Hemingway uses many instances of symbolism in this short story to coincide with the themes and feelings of the characters, such as the description of the scenery surrounding the train station.

On one side of the station there is vegetation and fields of grain, while the other side is dry and barren Short Stories for Students The choice to have the abortion symbolizes sterility, which coincides with the barren and desolate scenery, while the fertility of having the baby is seen in the lush forests and river on the other side of the valley Short Stories for Students The hills themselves also offer some hints of symbolism in the story.

According to Johnston, the white elephant is very sacred to the Burmese and Siamese in Asia. Just as the opinions of the white elephant are ambiguous, so are their thoughts on this unplanned child.

The girl views having the child as a blessing and a great gift, while the American sees it as an expensive and burdensome obligation Another use of imagery associated with these hills concerns the shape of a pregnant woman.

Jig could be seeing the hills as a child bearing woman lying on her back with her belly and breasts swollen because of the pregnancy Weeks Clearly, the man and the woman view the hills very differently, coinciding with their opposing thoughts about the abortion.

The final example of symbolism used by Hemingway is in the different parts of the station. For example, the station divides sets of parallel tracks, and the river divides the sterile from the fertile land. Both of these instances describe the couple as being at a crucial juncture in their lives Beacham 6.

Psychoanalysis/ Analysis Of "Hills Like White Elephants" term paper

The beads are also very symbolic in the short story. One interpretation is that Jig is Catholic and the curtain is like the beads of a rosary, which she holds on to for some moral and religious support Johnston Hills Like White Elephants: An Endeavor to Justify Earnest Hemingway is one of the greatest American authors to ever live.

He displays remarkable wit and depth in the short story Hills Like White Elephants.


The short story “Hills Like White Elephants,” by Ernest Hemingway, is about a young couple and the polemic issue of abortion. However, since the word “abortion is found nowhere is the story, it is mainly understood through Hemingway’s use of literacy elements: setting and imagery/symbolism.

Hills Like White Elephants

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Essay Hills Like White Elephants: The Symbolism of the Setting In Ernest Hemingway's story "Hills Like White Elephants" an American couple is sitting at a table in a train station in Spain. They are discussing beer, travel, and whether or not to have an abortion. The train station and its surroundings are symbolic in this story.

In the story 'hills like white elephants' by Ernest Hemingway, we read about two characters, a girl and an American man.

They have short conversations between them, and these conversations can hint of many clues about them and their relationship.

In the story, we discover what the characters are. Free Hemingway Hills Like White Elephants papers, essays, and research papers.

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