Sample Essays, Example Research Papers and Tips Posted on by azseo Research Paper on Moses The existence of Moses, and also veracity of the Exodus is the reason for debates among archaeologists, egyptologists and the experts on the Bible criticism with reference to new archaeological proofs, historical certificates, and also corresponding myths of origin in a Canaanite culture.
Conclusion Introduction As we pass from the patriarchal period, we enter the time when the events of the Bible emerge into the full light of archaeology. The life stories of three generations of men wandering around the ancient Near East, however interesting they may be on a human level, are for the most part not the sort that archaeology can confirm or disprove.
The Book of Exodus, however, tells of massive migrations, battles, and catastrophes that devastated nations — precisely the sort of events that archaeology is best suited to verify. In light of this obvious applicability, it is strange how little attention this topic has received from pro-Christian quarters.
One would think that, if the Bible were historically true, this would be easy to do; believer archaeologists would immediately have produced the decisive evidence that it all happened just as the text says.
Instead, what has arisen is a morass of conjecture and speculation. Among scholars who do believe in a literal Exodus, there is a bewildering diversity of opinion regarding when it happened, who the pharaohs involved were, what route the escaping Israelites took, and so on.
As of yet there is nothing even remotely resembling consensus. The answer, simply put, is that archaeological evidence for the early events of the Old Testament is non-existent. Without facts to tie their explanations down to, biblical scholars have had free rein to speculate, and the door has been opened to all sorts of conjecture whose only common feature is that it all begins with the assumption that the text is true.
However, when this assumption is set aside, the heretofore fuzzy and blurred picture snaps into clear focus. When evidence is lacking where evidence should be, the simplest explanation is because the event in question never happened, and that is the position this section of the essay will take.
Given the evidence we both have and do not have, by far the best conclusion is that the Exodus never happened as depicted in the Old Testament. There was no enslavement of an entire people, no ten plagues, no large-scale escape, and no mass wandering in the desert.
This position will be defended in the sections that follow. It is interesting to note the extent to which biblical literalists are on the defensive over these arguments.
Of the few apologetics websites which deal with claims such as the ones presented in this essay, most of them do not even attempt to present positive evidence for the Exodus and the conquest; instead, they mainly attempt to rationalize away the contrary evidence we do have and claim that the events are not conclusively disproven — in short, not trying to show that the events happened, but merely trying to create a space into which they could conceivably fit.
As we will see, this pattern will be repeated elsewhere; however, they have not been successful even at this. What the Bible Says Following the events of the Book of Genesis, Joseph and his brothers enjoy a life of peace and prosperity in Egypt, and each one of them becomes the ancestor of a great and numerous tribe.
But the Israelites continue to multiply, and to keep their population down, Pharaoh orders the midwives to drown every male child born to them. This does not happen, but a woman of the tribe of Levi has an infant son and fears for his life, so puts him in a basket and sets him adrift on the river Nile.
Moses, however, is aware of his origins and still feels loyal to his people, and one day when he sees an Egyptian beating a Hebrew slave, he kills the Egyptian and hides his body. Fearful of the repercussions of what he has done, he flees to the land of Midian, where he marries Zipporah, one of the seven daughters of a priest named Reuel Exodus 2: God hears their cry and remembers the covenant he made with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and in the desert of Midian near the mountain of Horeb, he appears to Moses in a burning bush.
Moses returns to Egypt and rallies the Israelites with the aid of his brother Aaron, but the new Pharaoh is unimpressed and refuses to release them from their slavery.
To punish Pharaoh and prove his omnipotence, God sends a series of plagues upon the land of Egypt: With each plague the Egyptians are afflicted while the Israelites remain unharmed, but Pharaoh refuses to repent, and so God sends his most terrible plague: Pharaoh finally orders the Israelites to leave, and they do so, free at last after years of slavery Exodus After they have left, Pharaoh changes his mind and pursues the escaping Israelites with a force of chariots, but in one final miracle, God parts the waters of the Sea of Reeds so that the Israelites can pass through safely, then brings the waters crashing back down to engulf and drown the Egyptians when they try to follow Exodus The people of Israel, their escape now made certain, head into the desert wilderness of Sinai singing songs of praise to their god.
However, their sense of triumph quickly evaporates, as Sinai proves to be a harsh and desolate land without enough food or water to sustain them.
Even with God going before them, leading them in the form of a pillar of cloud at day and a pillar of fire at night, they grow discontented.The existence of Moses, and also veracity of the Exodus is the reason for debates among archaeologists, egyptologists and the experts on the Bible criticism with reference to new archaeological proofs, historical certificates, and also corresponding myths of origin in a Canaanite culture.
The Exodus Introduction What the Bible Says The Captivity Site Focus: Pithom Site Focus: Raamses The Problem of the Apiru Were the Israelites Ever in Egypt?
The Exodus When Did the Exodus . Exodus Bibliography 3 Alphabetic Table of Contents click on the letter and go, click on the section letters to return. The Exodus is the founding myth of the Israelites. Spread over the books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, it tells of the enslavement that befell the children of Israel in Egypt, their liberation through the hand of Yahweh and the revelations at Sinai, and their wanderings in the wilderness up to borders of Canaan, the land their God has given them.
“The Exodus is such a significant event in Israel’s history that it serves as more than just an account of the wandering in the desert - The Exodus of Israel introduction. It is a paradigm of how God deals with His people, signifying the formation of relationship.
” Rainier Camara (Senior Pastor) Address: Lot 7.
Home Essays Exodus: Analysis. Exodus: Analysis Exodus IntroductionThe Greek word, exodus means “departure.” The Exodus is the Israelite departure from Egypt under the leadership of Moses, and the subsequent journey through the Sinai wilderness..