Baudelaire is often credited with expressing one of the first modernistic visions, a vision of the sordidness, sensuality, and corruption of city life, a disposition that profoundly influenced modernist writers such as T. Eliot and Ezra Pound. Baudelaire contracted syphilis and was paralyzed by a stroke before his death.
Baudelaire, Charles French poet, critic, translator, novella and short fiction writer, diarist, and dramatist. Regarded among the world's greatest lyric poets, Baudelaire is the author of Les fleurs du mal The Flowers of Evila highly influential work esteemed both for its technical artistry and as the first collection of poems to depict human life from a distinctly modern perspective.
Le spleen de Paris, a collection of short fictional sketches possessing characteristics often associated with poetry: Baudelaire's only other fictional composition, the novella La Fanfarlo, revolves around the artistic aspirations and amorous entanglements of a young Parisian writer and is prized for its autobiographical content and elucidation of Baudelaire's aesthetic theories.
Biographical Information Baudelaire was born in Paris to financially secure parents. His father, who was thirty-four years older than his mother, died when Baudelaire romanticism essay was six years old.
Afterward Baudelaire grew very close to his mother, and he later remembered their relationship as "ideal, romantic.
Initially he had excelled in school, but as he grew older he increasingly neglected his studies in favor of a dissipated, rebellious lifestyle. In the Aupicks sent him on a trip to India in hopes that his experiences abroad would reform him.
During his travels he began writing poetry and composed the first poems that would be included in The Flowers of Evil. When Baudelaire returned to Paris inhe received a large inheritance and began to live as a highly self-conscious dandy.
In Baudelaire's view, the dandy was one who glorified the ego as the ultimate spiritual and creative power—a heroic individualist revolting against society.
At this time, Baudelaire fell in love with Jeanne Duval, whom many scholars believe inspired not only the "Black Venus" cycle of love poems in The Flowers of Evil but also the titular character of La Fanfarlo. In Baudelaire's mother obtained a court order blocking his inheritance, and thereafter he supported himself by his writing, much of it art criticism.
Published inThe Flowers of Evil shocked readers with its depictions of sexual perversion, physical and psychological morbidity, and moral corruption. Not only was the work a critical and popular failure during Baudelaire's lifetime, he and his publisher were consequently prosecuted and convicted of offenses against religion and public morality.
Several years later Baudelaire attempted to reestablish his reputation and deteriorating financial situation by traveling to Belgium on a lecture tour. The tour was unsuccessful, and in he returned to Paris, where he suffered a debilitating stroke. Having recently reconciled with his mother, he remained in her care until his death in The prose poems tend to present a disheartening picture of the world inhabited by Parisian underclasses and lowlife; a broader underlying theme is the fragmented, alienating quality of modern life, especially as manifested in human relationships.
For example, "Les yeux des pauvres" "The Eyes of the Poor" depicts an impoverished family on the street gazing in the window of an expensive restaurant in which a couple sits discussing their opinions about the people outside. The social and economic disparity between the two diners and the poor is apparent, but the reader also becomes cognizant of a basic incompatibility between the diners, as evidenced in the personal convictions and outlooks on life that surface in their dialogue.
Here the reader senses an inherent inability of humans to establish community. In "Le mauvais vitrier" "The Bad Glazier" a deluded man smashes the transparent panes carried by a window maker in the belief that the world, seen through colorful tinted windows, would be a more happy place.
In the novella La Fanfarlo, a young aesthete named Samuel Cramer—in whom many commentators have observed a strong similarity with Baudelaire—fancies himself to be a gigolo and a very talented poet. As a result of his egotism as well as his love for a married woman whose husband left her for the dancer La Fanfarlo, Cramer accepts the challenge of seducing La Fanfarlo away from the unfaithful husband.
By the conclusion of the story, Cramer is revealed to have neither true commitment to his art nor the upper hand in his personal relationships. Here Baudelaire portrays marginal and loveless lives in prosaic, urban terms, rejecting more elevated themes and language.Romanticism, first defined as an aesthetic in literary criticism around , gained momentum as an artistic movement in France and Britain in the early decades of .
Clearly, in much of this essay, Poe’s views become the mouthpiece for Baudelaire’s own sympathies, and Baudelaire reiterates Poe’s antipathy to progress and civilization as his own: progress is the “great heresy of decay,” on which Poe vented his spleen. It was Baudelaire, after all, who invented the phrase “the painter of modern life” to describe his beloved artist Constantin Guys, and this phrase is the hidden center of Calasso’s book.
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Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from to Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification of all the past and nature, preferring the.
Charles Baudelaire, a romantic writer, defined Romanticism as: “precisely situated neither in choice of subject nor exact truth, but in the way of feeling.” Also a Symbolist, Baudelaire utilized the “evocative power of words to express [these] feelings, sensations, and states of mind that lie beyond everyday awareness (Smith).