Throughout history America has always overreacted, and has always engaged in war crimes and other human rights violations. Documents uncovered since have shown that it wasn't necessarythe Japanese were on the verge of surrendering.
Areas still controlled by Japan in white and green included Korea, Taiwan, Indochinaand much of Chinaincluding most of the main cities, and the Dutch East Indies. Allied-held areas are in red, with the neutral Soviet Union and Mongolia in grey. Most Japanese military units fought fiercely, ensuring that the Allied victory would come at an enormous cost.
Nearly one million of the casualties occurred during the last year of the war, from June to June In DecemberAmerican battle casualties hit an all-time monthly high of 88, as a result of the German Ardennes Offensive. America's reserves of manpower were running out.
Deferments for groups such as agricultural workers were tightened, and there was consideration of drafting women. At the same time, the public was becoming war-weary, and demanding that long-serving servicemen be sent home.
Along the way, the ratio of Japanese to American casualties dropped from 5: Japan's merchant fleet declined from 5, gross tons in to 1, tons in Marchandtons in August Lack of raw materials forced the Japanese war economy into a steep decline after the middle of The civilian economy, which had slowly deteriorated throughout the war, reached disastrous levels by the middle of The rice harvest was the worst sinceand hunger and malnutrition became widespread.
Bythe U. By the middle ofthe U. In FebruaryPrince Fumimaro Konoe advised Emperor Hirohito that defeat was inevitable, and urged him to abdicate. Operation Olympic and Operation Coronet.
Set to begin in OctoberOlympic involved a series of landings by the U. The target date was chosen to allow for Olympic to complete its objectives, for troops to be redeployed from Europe, and the Japanese winter to pass. Most were immobile formations for coastal defense, but 16 were high quality mobile divisions.
Casualty predictions varied widely, but were extremely high. Delivered on June 15,after insight gained from the Battle of Okinawa, the study noted Japan's inadequate defenses due to the very effective sea blockade and the American firebombing campaign. Stimson was sufficiently concerned about high American estimates of probable casualties to commission his own study by Quincy Wright and William Shockley.
DeBakey and Gilbert Beebe.
Wright and Shockley estimated the invading Allies would suffer between 1. Quantities of phosgenemustard gastear gas and cyanogen chloride were moved to Luzon from stockpiles in Australia and New Guinea in preparation for Operation Olympic, and MacArthur ensured that Chemical Warfare Service units were trained in their use.
Air raids on Japan A B over Osaka on June 1, While the United States had developed plans for an air campaign against Japan prior to the Pacific War, the capture of Allied bases in the western Pacific in the first weeks of the conflict meant that this offensive did not begin until mid when the long-ranged Boeing B Superfortress became ready for use in combat.
Hansell determined that GuamTinianand Saipan in the Mariana Islands would better serve as B bases, but they were in Japanese hands. Air bases were developed,  and B operations commenced from the Marianas in October Hansell continued the practice of conducting so-called high-altitude precision bombingaimed at key industries and transportation networks, even after these tactics had not produced acceptable results.
The attacks initially targeted key industrial facilities but much of the Japanese manufacturing process was carried out in small workshops and private homes. It was the deadliest bombing raid of the war, at a cost of 20 Bs shot down by flak and fighters.
By mid-June, Japan's six largest cities had been devastated. Aircraft flying from Allied aircraft carriers and the Ryukyu Islands also regularly struck targets in Japan during in preparation for Operation Downfall.
According to Yuki Tanakathe U. Japanese fighters and antiaircraft guns had difficulty engaging bombers flying at high altitude.
Manhattan Project The discovery of nuclear fission by German chemists Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann inand its theoretical explanation by Lise Meitner and Otto Frischmade the development of an atomic bomb a theoretical possibility. This prompted preliminary research in the United States in late Army Corps of Engineers.
Robert Oppenheimer to organize and head the project's Los Alamos Laboratory in New Mexico, where bomb design work was carried out.
Little Boy was a gun-type fission weapon that used uraniuma rare isotope of uranium separated at the Clinton Engineer Works at Oak Ridge, Tennessee.Yes, both Hiroshima and Nagasaki were preventable; however, the Japanese chose NOT to prevent them.
After the first bombing, the Japanese again refused to surrender and end the war, thus, it was necessary to send the second bomb. Distinguishing between atomic bombing and conventional strategic bombing is morally problematic.
The single biggest loss of life from aerial bombing was not Hiroshima, not Nagasaki; it was a single firebombing raid on Tokyo, Operation Meetinghouse. Mar 19, · Was the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing necessary?
Discussion in 'EtcetEra' started And I think the bombing of Tokyo was a much, much worse disaster (of course I'm not saying that the atomic bomb wasn't). Chojin. It merely emphasises the fact that the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by no means represented the worst outcome of the.
"Nagasaki illuminates an absence in our own history. Far beyond a reductionist argument about whether to use nuclear weapons, this is a profound inquiry into the extremes of human violence and what it does to both victim and victimizer.
"Little Boy" was the code name for the type of nuclear bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on 6 August during World War II. It was the first nuclear weapon used in warfare.
and the. ATOMIC BOMBING OF JAPAN. General George C. Marshall was the U.S. Army Chief of Staff during WWII, the highest ranking U.S. Army officer.
He had known of the atomic bomb project at least as far back as Oct. , when he was appointed to the small group which would oversee the project, the Top Policy Group.